Current Issues in Media & Communications Studies:
Drones, Driverless Cars, and Data Janitors
18690 – COM 380 – 03
IIT Humanities / M. HOGAN
Aug 24, 2015 – Dec 05, 2015
Drones, Driverless Cars, and Data Janitors! This course explores current issues in media and communications studies. Each week we will look at a ‘hot topic’ through theory, popular culture, journalism and the media. The goal of this class is to have you think creatively and critically about media and communications technologies.
1/ Ethics and Politics
Nathan Ensmenger (2007) Computers as Ethical Artifacts http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~nathanen/files/ensmenger-29-3.pdf
Langdon Winner (1980) Do Artifacts Have Politics? Daedalus, Vol. 109, No. 1, Modern Technology: Problem or Opportunity? (Winter, 1980), pp. 121-136 Published by: The MIT Press on behalf of American Academy of Arts & Sciences
Rena Bivens (2015) “Under the Hood: The Software in Your Feminist Approach” Feminist Media Studies, v. 15, no. 4, pp. 714-717
Nicole S. Cohen (2008) “The Valorization of Surveillance: Towards a Political Economy of Facebook” Democratic Communiqué 22, No. 1, Spring 2008
→ Police Body Cameras http://harvardlawreview.org/2015/04/considering-police-body-cameras
→ DIVORCE YOUR METADATA: A conversation between Laura Poitras and Kate Crawford http://rhizome.org/editorial/2015/jun/9/divorce-your-metadata
→ https://gpgtools.org, DuckDuckGo, Signal, etc.
3/ Selfies and Face Recognition
Paul Frosh (2015) “The Gestural Image: The Selfie, Photography Theory, and Kinesthetic Sociability” International Journal of Communication 9(2015)
→ Selfie City http://selfiecity.net/
→ Elizabeth Losh (2015) Beyond Biometrics: Feminist Media Theory Looks at Selfiecity https://www.academia.edu/6132660/Beyond_Biometrics_Feminist_Media_Theory_Looks_at_Selfiecity
→ A Civil Rights Leader Has Disguised Herself As Black For Years, Her Parents Say http://www.buzzfeed.com/claudiakoerner/a-civil-rights-leader-has-disguised-herself-as-black-for-yea
→ Who Owns your Face? https://fortune.com/2015/06/17/facebook-moments-privacy-facial-recognition
→ Alise Tifentale and Lev Manovich Selfiecity: Exploring Photography and Self-Fashioning in Social Media http://manovich.net/index.php/projects/selfiecity-exploring
Lisa Parks (2014) “Media, Hot & Cold: Drones, Infrared Imagery, and Body Heat International Journal of Communication 8 (2014)
Mark Andrejevic (2014) “Drone logic: Distributed, ubiquitous monitoring and the “Big Data” deluge” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6o_KTqdM44E
*watch at home and take notes.
→ Drone Footage Captures the Shocking Reality of Rainforest Destruction http://ecowatch.com/2015/06/04/drone-footage-rainforest-deforestation
→ Angry ram takes down a drone… and its owner https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfLCb4ewDDc
Stacy Alaimo (2011) “Chapter 9 ECOLOGY” In: The Routledge Companion to Literature and Science, Routledge. pp. 100-111.
Sandra Harding (2009) “Postcolonial and feminist philosophies of science and technology: convergences and dissonances.” Postcolonial Studies, Dec 01, 2009; Vol. 12, No. 4, p. 401-421
6/ E-waste and Climate Change
Jennifer Gabrys “five: Media in the Dump” In: Digital Rubbish: A Natural History of Electronics
→ Techno-Trash http://technotrash.org/ (*optional assignment, 10% – ask me about it)
Margaret Atwood “It’s Not Climate Change — It’s Everything Change” https://medium.com/matter/it-s-not-climate-change-it-s-everything-change-8fd9aa671804?source=tw-lo_dnt_afb5b3419209-1438396844733
7/ Content Moderation
Sarah T. Roberts (forthcoming 2015) “Commercial Content Moderation: Digital Laborers’ Dirty Work,” in The Intersectional Internet: Race, Sex, Class and Culture Online. Noble, S.and Tynes, B. (Eds.). Peter Lang, Digital Formations Series, Steve Jones, Series Editor.
Kate Crawford and Tarleton L. Gillespie (2014) “What is a Flag for? Social Media Reporting Tools and the Vocabulary of Complaint” New Media & Society.
→ Viktor Mayer-Schönberger (2011) “Chapter 1-Failing to Forget the “Drunken Pirate”” (pp 11-18) In Delete: The Virtue of Forgetting
→ This gross website is where all your deleted twerking videos end up http://www.dailydot.com/lol/bootyfix-deleted-twerking-videos
→ Ned Resnikoff (2015) “Invisible data janitors mop up top websites behind the scenes” Al Jazeera http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/5/1/invisible-data-janitors-mop-up-top-websites-behind-the-scenes.html
→ Jillian C. York (2015) “The Myth of a Borderless Internet” The Atlantic http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/06/the-myth-of-a-borderless-internet/394670/
8/ Proposals due
9/ Big Data
Rob Kitchin “Big Data, new epistemologies and paradigm shifts” Big Data & Society July–December 2014: 1–5
Kate Crawford, Kate Miltner, Mary L. Gray “Critiquing Big Data: Politics, Ethics, Epistemology” International Journal of Communication (19328036), Jan 01, 2014; Vol. 8, p. 1663-1672
→ Steve Lohr (2014) “For Big-Data Scientists, ‘Janitor Work’ Is Key Hurdle to Insights” http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/18/technology/for-big-data-scientists-hurdle-to-insights-is-janitor-work.html
→ Guest Editorial: What’s so big about Big Data? Finding the spaces and perils of Big Data http://t.co/4nKPaE6YzM
Nick Seaver (2014) “Knowing algorithms” Media in Transition 8, Cambridge, MA, April 2013 Revised, February 2014
Taina Bucher (2012) “Want to be on the top? Algorithmic power and the threat of invisibility on Facebook.” New Media & Society. 14(7):1164-1180.
Orito, Yohko. (2011) “The counter-control revolution: “silent control” of individuals through dataveillance systems.” Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 9 (1), 5-19.
Ted Striphas (2015) “Algorithmic culture” European Journal of Cultural Studies 2015, Vol. 18(4-5) 395–412. http://ecs.sagepub.com/content/18/4-5/395.full.pdf
→ Designer Algorithms (assorted links) http://designeralgorithms.com/
→ Cracking the Facebook Code: How does the social media giant decide who and what to put in your feed? Tom Weber conducts a one-month experiment to break the algorithm, discovering 10 of Facebook’s biggest secrets. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2010/10/18/the-facebook-news-feed-how-it-works-the-10-biggest-secrets.html
→ When Algorithms Discriminate http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/10/upshot/when-algorithms-discriminate.html?smid=tw-share&abt=0002&abg=0
11/ Quantified Self
James N Gilmore (2015) Everywear: The quantified self and wearable fitness technologies New Media & Society June 1, 2015.
Amelia Abreu (2014) |Quantify Everything: A Dream of a Feminist Data Future” https://modelviewculture.com/pieces/quantify-everything-a-dream-of-a-feminist-data-future
→ Rob Horning (2012) “Notes on the Data Self” The New Inquiry. February 2. http://thenewinquiry.com/blogs/marginal-utility/dumb-bullshit
→ Allison Meier (2015) “Personal Data Surveillance as Modern Portraiture” http://hyperallergic.com/223922/personal-data-surveillance-as-modern-portraiture/
12/ Internet of Things
Keller Easterling. 2012. “An Internet of Things” http://worker01.e-flux.com/pdf/article_8946204.pdf
Phil Howard (2015) Pax Technica *selection coming soon http://yalepress.yale.edu/book.asp?isbn=9780300199475
→ With ‘Internet of Things,’ your fridge will know when milk is low http://phys.org/news/2014-05-internet-fridge.html
→ The internet of things – who wins, who loses? http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/aug/14/internet-of-things-winners-and-losers-privacy-autonomy-capitalism
13/ Communicating Infrastructure
Nicole Starosielski “Signal Tracks” Journal of the New Media Caucus http://median.newmediacaucus.org/art-infrastructures-hardware/signal-tracks/
Shannon Mattern (2013) “Infrastructural Tourism” Design Observer https://placesjournal.org/article/infrastructural-tourism/
Sean Cubitt, Robert Hassan and Ingrid Volkmer (2011) “Does cloud computing have a silver lining?” Media, Culture & Society 33(1) 149–158
→ Jason Farman 2015 “The Materiality of Locative Media On the Invisible Infrastructure of Mobile Networks”
→ James Glantz (2012) “Power, Pollution and the Internet” New York Times http://nyti.ms/VqS2fY
→ Apple promo video: http://www.apple.com/environment
→ Ingrid Burrington The Cloud Is Not the Territory May 20, 2014 http://creativetimereports.org/2014/05/20/ingrid-burrington-the-cloud-is-not-the-territory-wnv
→ Seeing Networks: A rough field guide to network infrastructures.
→ Water in the data desert, Bluffdale, UT http://www.benknight.de/water-in-the-data-desert-bluffdale-ut/#more-14398
14/ Driverless Cars
Bilger, B. (2013) “Auto Correct Has the self-driving car at last arrived?” http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/11/25/auto-correct
John Urry and Margaret Grieco (2012) Chapter 11: “What We do Whilst Driving: Towards the Driverless Cars” Mobilities: New Perspectives on Transport and Society http://www.amazon.com/Mobilities-new-perspectives-transport-society/dp/1409411508
→ GM Motorama Exhibit 1956 http://99percentinvisible.org/episode/johnnycab-automation-paradox-pt-2/
→ Uber riles irate cabbies further with plans to buy 500,000 driverless cars (2015) http://www.thedrum.com/news/2015/07/13/uber-riles-irate-cabbies-further-plans-buy-500000-driverless-cars
→ Machine ethics: The robot’s dilemma (2015) http://www.nature.com/news/machine-ethics-the-robot-s-dilemma-1.17881
→ To Feed Billions, Farms Are About Data as Much as Dirt http://www.wsj.com/articles/to-feed-billions-farms-are-about-data-as-much-as-dirt-1439160264
15/ Digital Sublime
Sabine LeBel (2012) “Wasting the Future: The Technological Sublime, Communications Technologies, and E-waste” communication +1 Volume 1 Futures of Communication
→ “Technology Is Not Driving Us Apart After All” http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/19/magazine/technology-is-not-driving-us-apart-after-all.html?_r=1